Dr. Kirkland has been trained in two medical specialties.
Having studied Family Medicine, Dr. Kirkland has been trained to provide comprehensive medical care for families and individuals suffering from all types of illnesses, disorders, conditions and diseases. As a family doctor, Dr. Kirkland is usually the first point of contact for patients when they seek general medical care (categorized as a primary care provider) and can refer patients to specialists when necessary.
Family medicine, or family practice, is a division of primary care focused on the provision of comprehensive medical care for people of all ages, with family doctors often providing care for the entire family. As a family doctor, these physicians generally develop close relationships with patients over an extended period of time, allowing for the provision of comprehensive care that other specialists may be less likely to deliver.
Family physicians are tasked with caring for not only the physical health of patients and families, but also the mental and emotional health and how it relates to the family as a unit. Family medicine also emphasizes preventive care, attempting to keep the patient healthy and prevent diseases before they occur through regular exercise, a healthy diet and healthy life choices.
When treating patients and their families, family physicians employ a variety of techniques and procedures. With regard to preventive measures, Family doctors are tasked with performing regular examinations or checkups, immunizations and screening tests, among others. Family physicians are trained to identify and treat a very wide range of illnesses and injuries, but may also refer patients to a specialist when they deem it necessary. Additionally, family physicians may also treat and manage chronic conditions without the assistance of a specialist.
Learn more about family medicine at MD.com.
Having studied Colorectal Surgery, Dr. Kirkland has been trained to diagnose and provide treatment for disorders and diseases of the colon and rectum. These may include conditions such as incontinence, polyps, ulcerative colitis, hemorrhoids and similar complications.
Colorectal surgery is a specialized area of medicine concerned with the repair of damage to the rectum, colon, and anus, as well as treating other colorectal conditions and disorders. Damage to these areas that requires surgery can be caused by a variety of factors including cancers, inflammatory bowel disease, obstruction, various injuries and ischemia (restriction in blood supply), among others.
Colorectal surgeons are trained to perform a variety of diagnostic tests such as colonoscopies, defecating proctographies, proctoscopies, and sigmoidoscopies, among other testing procedures. After diagnosis, a variety of surgeries may be performed including polypectomies, colectomies, hemorrhoidectomies and ileo/colostomies, among others.
Aside from complications that cause colorectal injury as mentioned above, colorectal surgeons may treat numerous other disorders. These may include ulcerative colitis, hemorrhoids, fecal incontinence, anal fissures, birth defects, rectal prolapse, Crohn’s disease, severe constipation, fistulas and other conditions affecting the colon, rectum and anus.
Learn more about colorectal surgery at MD.com.